Discourse particles

  • Carlos MELÉNDEZ QUERO (Université de Lorraine)
    Lexicographic treatment of discourse particles in Spanish: problems and proposals
    2015, Vol.XX-1, pp. 29-44

    In the present paper we offer some reflexions on the lexicographic study of discourse particles. Setting out from the analysis of emotive evaluative Spanish adverbs, we try to emphasize the difficulties with dictionary use for the learning of the discourse functions of these units. Following a presentation of the dictionaries’ contributions, we suggest a method for the lexicographic definition and explanation of the given words in terms of discursive instructions and communicative intentions. This model enables us to resolve certain problems and to illustrate the principal similarities and differences between analogous evaluative expressions.

  • Cédric PATIN (Université de Lille)
    Does prosody play a role in the determination of scope? ‘Egalement’ as a case study
    2018, Vol. XXIII-1, pp. 89-102

    The goal of this study is to determine whether prosody contributes to the discrimination of meaning in sentences with French ‘également’, when it is used with the additive function of ‘also’, given the crucial role prosody plays in the use of additive particles in some other languages. In order to verify the role of prosody, we have run an experimental study based on a reading task: 20 native speakers were recorded while reading a set of contextualized sentences with ‘également’ placed in structurally ambiguous positions. The results show the presence of different types of prosodic correlates associated with ‘également’, but also that they are not exploited in a systematic way.