• Michel DEGRAFF (MIT, États-Unis)
    Do Creoles languages constitute an exceptional typological class ?
    2005, Vol. X-1, pp. 11-24

    This article surveys a number of hypotheses in which Creole languages constitute a sui generis class on historical and/or typological grounds. With Haitian Creole as a bench mark, I catalogue some of the empirical and theoretical flaws in these hypotheses. The latter, which underlie much work in contemporary creolistics, have intellectual antecedents in (pseudo)-scholarly work from the 17th-century onward, including early creolists' (pre-/quasi-)Darwinian theories of Creole genesis. I conclude by sketching an alternative theory that is more consistent with Creole structures and their development.