Guri BORDAL (Oslo, Norvège)The influence of the Sango tonal system on French in the Central African Republic2013, Vol. XVIII-2, pp. 91-102
In this article, I present the tonal system of Central African French (CAF), which is the variety of French spoken in Bangui in the Central African Republic. The study is based on a corpus of recordings of spontaneous speech produced by twelve multilingual speakers, using mainly the African language Sango and French in their every-day communication. I show that the tonal system of CAF is to a great extent influenced by the phonological system of Sango.
Emmanuela CRESTI (Florence, Italie)Illocution and intonation patterns in Italian1999, Vol. IV-2, pp. 77-98
The prominence of the concept of utterance has emerged from some recent grammars based on corpora of speech. This paper deals with a new definition of utterance as the realization of an illocutionary value and on the ground of the hypothesis of an existing equivalence between units belonging to the field of human actions (acts) and linguistic units (utterances). Furthermore it is proposed a definition of illocution, which diverges from that of Searle. This kind of definition brings to a new taxonomy of illocution on an attitudinal ground (affect) and on the basis of pragmatic, semiologic and cognitive features. Results of experimental researches on speech corpora are provided: with the recognition of the existing equivalence between utterance and illocution it is possible to verify the concrete variation of acts and to identify intonational contours which are singularly devoted to the expression of illocution. This brings to the formulation of a first repertoire of intonational contours with illocutionary value. Some of these contours, studied on the basis of this theoretical approach, are showed.
Philippe MARTIN (Toronto, Canada)Intonation in spontaneous speech1999, Vol. IV-2, pp. 57-75
The description of intonation is particularly difficult for spontaneous speech, due to the extreme variability of data. This forced many phoneticians to describe intonation through the use of sophisticated statistic tools, whereas phonologists convinced themselves to use reductive transcription tools such as ToBI. We show here that intonation models built for read speech data can be used successfully for the analysis of spontaneous speech, which after all uses the same linguistic code as read speech production. The experimental data presented illustrate the diversity of speaker strategies to orally structure their sentences, still using the same prosodic rules specific to French as in read speech conditions.
Cédric PATIN (Université de Lille)Does prosody play a role in the determination of scope? ‘Egalement’ as a case study2018, Vol. XXIII-1, pp. 89-102
The goal of this study is to determine whether prosody contributes to the discrimination of meaning in sentences with French ‘également’, when it is used with the additive function of ‘also’, given the crucial role prosody plays in the use of additive particles in some other languages. In order to verify the role of prosody, we have run an experimental study based on a reading task: 20 native speakers were recorded while reading a set of contextualized sentences with ‘également’ placed in structurally ambiguous positions. The results show the presence of different types of prosodic correlates associated with ‘également’, but also that they are not exploited in a systematic way.
Rasmus PERSSON (Université de Linköping & Université d’York)Prosody as a resource for the organisation of interaction: a review and some illustrations2017, Vol. XXII-2, pp. 33-52
This article takes stock of the current state of research on the connections between prosody and the organisation of social interaction. An overview is given of central studies of prosodic and phonetic design and its procedural relevance for interaction, along three lines of inquiry: the management of turns, sequence organisation, and action formation. For each of these issues, illustrative analyses based on French data are also presented.